Industrial mining started around Pécs and in the Mecsek hills at the end of the 18th century after Joseph II. allowed the opening of a mine by Vasas a village nearby Pécs. The Danube Steamshipping Company starteg geological surveys in 1852 then they started buying lands for the purposes of mining. This is when large-scale mining started around the area. The company established significant technological innovations and conducted a social policy that determined the life of the region for almost a century. Following World War II. the coal and uranium mines of the region gained international reputation for the industry of the region. Following the reorganisations of the early 1990s the predecessor firms of the large mining corporations only dealt with the environmental tasks arising in the region. The museum introduces mining from both a geological and a technology historical point of view. It is an interesting characteristic of the museum that the visitor can get acquainted with the topic in a 400 metres long exhibition space 8 to 10 metres underground.