The museum was founded by Ferenc Hopp (1833-1919) former wealthy optician, world traveller, art sponsor and art collector by his will. The museum displays his own Oriental collection, which numbered 4,000 items, containing Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Tibetian and Mongolian statues, paintings, ceramics, sculptures, embroideries and other artefacts originally. Today, there are over 20,000 items on display, with an emphasis on medieval Japanese arts and Chinese bronze and porcelain items. Ferenc Hopp's mansion is used as a temporary exhibition hall for Eastern arts. The permanent exhibition is on display at the Ráth György Museum.