Scarbantia (the Roman name of Sopron) was one of the border stations of the Province of Pannonia in the former Roman Empire. It was important because of its location on the Amber Road, a major commercial route. The centre of the town – which coincides with the present one - was surrounded with a wall and a moat. The structure of the fortress also influenced the pattern of the streets. The centre of the Roman oppidum was the Forum. The flat paving stones of the earlier square were made of Lajta limestone delivered here from the Fertőrákos quarry. The pedestals of three bronze equestrian statues were found on the southern part of the square. Altars to different gods were discovered on the sides of the Forum. The temples of the three main gods – Jupiter, Juno and Minerva - were situated at the highest point of the town.
The exhibition recalls life in the former Roman town. Note that the Forum in Sopron is the only one in the former Province of Pannonia which was built in the Roman style.