Foods and diet have long been associated with the causes and triggers of migraine headaches. Food sensitivity has been shown to be a major cause of migraine headaches. The most common being chocolate, cheese, red wine, caffeine and citrus fruits. Some research has shown that wheat can also be a trigger. A food exclusion diet can help in identifying and avoiding your migraine triggers.
Studies have shown that many people with migraines have lower than normal levels of magnesium. Preliminary studies have shown that magnesium supplements (usually 200mg per day) may help reduce the frequency of migraine headaches.
Vitamin B2 and Vitamin B12 have both shown to be helpful in reducing the frequency and severity of migraine attacks.
Studies have shown that fish oils have been helpful with recurrent migraines. People who suffer from recurring or frequent migraines may be benefit from increasing intake of oily fish or by taking flaxseed oil or a fish oil supplement.
As regards herbal treatments, the most frequently used herb for the long-term prevention of migraines is feverfew. A number of trials have demonstrated its effectiveness. Feverfew is available in tablets or tincture.
Acupuncture has been used to treat migraines and headaches and several studies show that it can be very effective. Acupuncture for migraine can be based on traditional Chinese acupuncture or the Western approach. Usually at least 6 to 8 treatments are required to show ongoing relief.
Migraines may be helped by manipulation and massage of neck muscles and joints. This may involve manipulation or mobilisation of the neck joints, release of tension in muscles and or the deactivation of trigger points. Some studies have shown that manipulation can be as effective as medical treatments without some of the side effects.