Dance therapy, or dance movement therapy is the psychotherapeutic use of movement and dance for emotional, cognitive, social, behavioural and physical conditions. Dance movement therapy strengthens the body/mind connection through body movements to improve both the mental and physical well-being of individuals. As a form of expressive therapy, it is founded on the basis that movement and emotion are directly related. The ultimate purpose of dance therapy is to find a healthy balance and sense of wholeness.
Most sessions are configured around four main stages: preparation, incubation, illumination, and evaluation. The therapy is practiced in places such as mental health rehabilitation centers, medical and educational settings, nursing homes, day care facilities, and other health promotion programs. This form of therapy which is taught in a wide array of locations goes farther than just centering the body. Specialized treatments of dance therapy can help cure and aid many types of diseases and disabilities. Other common names for dance therapy include: movement psychotherapy and dance therapy.