The wine grapes and wine production has century-long tradition in this wine region. The wine produced in this region had already been known and delivered before the Turkish reign (14-15th century). Thenabouts the varieties of wine grapes characteristic to the wine-growing region were born, traces of which persist to this day.
The wine-district of Csongrád has many peculiar features different from other wine-growing mountainous regions. The ground in the area betweeen the rivers Danube and Tisza is mainly calciferous sand originating from the river Danube (except for the hard ground of the Csongrád-Körös region, the black loess soil of the Tisza region) which settled on the subsoil in a layer of various thickness, at certain places it forms dunes that are several metres high.According to the distance of the impermeable subsoil from the surface the ground water can be found in a depth of 3 to 6 metres. Vines with long roots – despite the droughty periods of recent years – are capable of absorbing the ground water. Sandy soil is normally deficient in humans and nutriments, however, it does occur in more favourable conditions as well.
Pleasant, crisp-scented, light table wine with refreshing tart content can be made of the traditional grape varieties (e.g. Kövidinka) of the wine-growing region. A quality white grape varieties (Chardonnay, Riesling, Cserszegi fűszeres, Italian Riesling, Grüner Veltliner, etc.) and the red wine grape varieties (Kadarka, Cabernet franc and sauvignon, Blau Fränkisch (Kékfrankos)) are suitable for the production of quality wine. Kadarka from Csongrád and Italian Riesling from Pusztamérges are also well-known names.
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