The 1848-49 Revolution
||the meeting of the Diety opens up the era of reform. Count Istvan
Szecsenyi plays a very active role in the country's modernization.
Hungarian is declared the official language.
||Lajos Kossuth stands for the 1832 Diety. He's arrested by the conservatives.
||This third Diety frees political prisoners and grants non-nobles the right to own land and hold administrative positions.
||Kossuth starts the liberal newspaper, the Pest Gazette.
||The Assembly declares Hungarian to be the official language. The decision provokes opposition from national minorities.
|| Revolution in Paris where the Second Republic is proclaimed
|March 15 1848
||People's demonstration in Pest. A 12 point program for the establishment
of a bourgeois democracy is passed. [Comparable to the American
Declaration of Independence]
|March 17 1848
||Pressured by events, Emperor Ferdinand V appoints Count Lajos Batthyany
to lead the government. He confirms the laws passed by the Diety; the
abolition of feudalism, the constitution of a representative national
assembly, freedom of the press, equality of worship and Transylvania's
cession to Hungary.
||General J. Jalacic's imperial army marches on the Hungarian capital. It
is stopped at Szekesfehervar. General Lamberg, sent by Vienna, is killed
by the crowd in Pest. Kossuth takes on the leadership of a national
||The Imperial army (Franz Josef has succeeded Ferdinand V.) occupies the
capital. The committee and the assembly take refuge in Debrecen.
|April 14, 1849
||Kossuth pushes through a motion to depose the Habsburgs.
||The Hungarian army recaptures Pest and Buda
||Due to the assistance requested by the Emperor from Tsar Nicholas I,
the Hungarian army, now surrounded, lays down it's arms. Count
Batthyany and 13 generals are executed. Hungary is placed under Austrian
|May 29 1867
||After the defeat by Prussia at Sedova, the Austrian Empire seeks to
appease Hungarian unrest. The compromise institutes the Dual Monarchy.
Hungary, Croatia and Transylvania from and independent state with it's
own government. This State recognizes the Austrian Emperor as it's head.
The new State has a joint army, an imperial foreign policy and special financing for joint affairs.
||Law on Nationalities; civic equality and recognition of certain cultural religious rights.